Table of Contents
How did Burma achieve independence?
Various portions of Burmese territories, including Arakan (Rakhine State) or Tenasserim were annexed by the British after their victory in the First Anglo-Burmese War; Lower Burma was annexed in 1852 after the Second Anglo-Burmese War. Burma achieved independence from British rule on 4 January 1948.
When did Burma become independent?
January 4, 1948
Why did Britain give up Burma?
A Burmese invasion of Assam, north of Bengal, was seen as a threat to British India, and led to the first Anglo-Burmese War (1824-1826). As a result of this war, the British acquired parts of Lower Burma (in southern Myanmar). Further wars in 1852 and 1885 led to the conquest of the rest of Lower Burma and Upper Burma.
What is wrong Rohingya?
The Rohingya conflict is an ongoing conflict in the northern part of Myanmar’s Rakhine State (formerly known as Arakan), characterised by sectarian violence between the Rohingya Muslim and Rakhine Buddhist communities, a military crackdown on Rohingya civilians by Myanmar’s security forces, and militant attacks by …
Why did Japan occupy Burma?
The main purpose of the Japanese invasion of Burma was to cut the Burma Road, the one remaining land supply route to China. With Rangoon and the southern coast in their hands the Japanaese would then be able to advance north up the main Burmese river valleys.
Why did British separate Burma from India?
British partitioned Burma from India in 1937 in order to weaken the Burmese nationalist movement. After the World War II, under the leadership of U Aung San, this movement reached its pinnacle, and Burma gained independence on January 4, 1948.
Under which act Burma was separated from India?
the Burma Act 1935
The British separated the administration of Burma from India under the Burma Act 1935. It created 102 government departments to govern “Burma Proper”, of which 91 were headed by elected local ministers—a system later known as the 91-department administration.
When did the Union of Burma become independent?
Following the Panglong Agreement of 12 February 1947, the Union of Burma became an independent republic on 4 January 1948, ending British rule.
What are the challenges facing the new government in Burma?
Suu Kyi has faced criticism from a Buddhist monk-led nationalist movement for being too sympathetic to Muslims, while also being challenged to do more by foreign observers and rights advocates. She hasn’t set out a clear policy on the issue, and few hold any hopes that the misery of the minority will end soon.
Why was Aung San important to the independence of Burma?
Aung San’s supporters rode a wave of nationalism and were positioned to take over British control when the war was over. Many in Burma view Gen. Aung San as the father of the country’s independence. It was his ability to unify the people of Burma that helped end colonial rule.
Why was there resistance to British rule in Burma?
Here, as elsewhere, divide-and-rule was characteristic of British governance, with certain ethnic groups being favoured over others, creating clashes of loyalties. Protests by university students in 1920 were the first signs of renewed resistance against British rule.