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Sumerian societies were strictly organized into a class-based structure, with kings and priests ruling at the top. Below them was a small middle class, composed of generally wealthy merchants, artisans, and scribes who managed the products, ideas, and policies moving through the city, with the last being bureaucrats.
What made up the three classes in the Sumerian social hierarchy? Upper Class: ruling family, leading officials, high priests. Middle Class: lesser scribes and priests, artisans, and merchants. Lower Class: peasant farmers and slaves.
What is a Sumer in social studies?
Sumer is the region in southern Mesopotamia. Sumer’s Civilization. The people of Sumer were called Sumerians. They built many cities. The cities of Sumer had deserts around them.
Who made up the lower class Sumerian society?
The lower class was made up of laborers and farmers. These people lived a harder life, but could still work their way up with hard work. At the bottom were the slaves. Slaves were owned by the king or bought and sold among the upper class.
What do Sumerians mean?
The Sumerians were the people of southern Mesopotamia whose civilization flourished between c. Sumer was the southern counterpart to the northern region of Akkad whose people gave Sumer its name, meaning “land of the civilized kings”.
The highest Sumerian social class were the priests. They told people what to do to keep the gods happy, and they were the people society turned to when they were sick. Priests usually had shaved heads. Below the priests were the upper classes.
What did the upper classes wear in Sumerian times?
Both men and women wore jewelry, as well as wool during the winter to keep warm. Women wore a long dress with one shoulder exposed, and men wore a long skirt. In addition to rich individuals, the upper classes included government officials and warriors. The working classes also wore jewels, but theirs did not feature precious stones.
How did slavery become a part of Sumer life?
As with many early civilisations, slavery was a part of Sumerian life. People could become slaves in two ways. They were either taken in battle by neighbouring city states or they sold themselves or their children as payment if they were unable to repay their debts. As also Sumer contains, Babylon has a social class organization?
Babylonian social classes. The Wardu or slaves were at the bottom end of the social hierarchy structure of Babylonia. Most of the people from this class were convicts of war, while some were recruited from the innate Babylonians as well. Among the Mushkenu, a man could sell his family members as slaves in order to pay back his debts.