Table of Contents
What are the two parts of fat?
A fat molecule consists of two kinds of parts: a glycerol backbone and three fatty acid tails. Glycerol is a small organic molecule with three hydroxyl (OH) groups, while a fatty acid consists of a long hydrocarbon chain attached to a carboxyl group.
What are simple fats?
A simple lipid is a fatty acid ester of different alcohols and carries no other substance. Fats: esters of fatty acids with glycerol. Oils are fats in the liquid state. Fats are also called triglycerides because all the three hydroxyl groups of glycerol are esterified.
What are the 2 molecules that break down fat?
To obtain energy from fat, triglycerides must first be broken down by hydrolysis into their two principal components, fatty acids and glycerol. This process, called lipolysis, takes place in the cytoplasm.
What are two parts of a lipid called?
The two main parts of a triglyceride lipid are glycerol and fatty acids.
What is fats and example?
Fats in food come in several forms, including saturated, monounsaturated, and polyunsaturated. Too much fat or too much of the wrong type of fat can be unhealthy. Some examples of foods that contain fats are butter, oil, nuts, meat, fish, and some dairy products.
What makes up the molecular structure of fat?
Fats are large molecules that are classified as lipids and are made up of glycerol and fatty acids. Lipids are compounds that don’t dissolve in water. In terms of numbers, fat is made up of one gylcerol, which is part of the structure of fat and is made up of three carbon atoms, and three fatty acids, which have a long chain of carbons.
What are the different types of fats in food?
Types of Fat 1 Unsaturated fats. Unsaturated fats, which are liquid at room temperature,… 2 Saturated Fats. All foods containing fat have a mix of specific types of fats. 3 Trans Fats. Trans fatty acids, more commonly called trans fats,… 4 References. Mozaffarian, D., R. Micha, and S.
How are fats different from other fatty acids?
In terms of numbers, fat is made up of one gylcerol, which is part of the structure of fat and is made up of three carbon atoms, and three fatty acids, which have a long chain of carbons. Glycerol can be distinguished by its hydroxyl-group, whereas fatty acids can be distinguished by their long carbon chains and carboxyl-groups.
How are glycerides and fats different from each other?
Since the glycerides, which make up 90 to 99 percent of most individual fats or oils of commerce, are esters formed by three fatty-acid molecules combining with one molecule of glycerol, they may differ not only in the fatty acids that they contain but also in the arrangement of the fatty-acid radicals on the glycerol portion.