What is repartimiento in history?

What is repartimiento in history?

Repartimiento, (Spanish: “partition,” “distribution”) also called mita, or cuatequil, in colonial Spanish America, a system by which the crown allowed certain colonists to recruit indigenous peoples for forced labour.

Why is repartimiento important?

As you can imagine, the repartimiento system significantly affected day-to-day life throughout the Spanish colonies. Without it, colonists would not have found financial success in agricultural or mining industries. The bigger impact, however, was on the natives who were used as laborers.

What is the difference between encomienda and repartimiento?

The encomienda was a permanent institution for the agrarian colonial sector aimed at “hispanising” the natives in more remote areas with a few Spaniards in charge, while the repartimiento was a temporary system with specific uses and no structural function.

Was the repartimiento system slavery?

The repartimiento was not slavery, in that the worker is not owned outright—being free in various respects other than in the dispensation of his or her labor—and the work was intermittent.

What is Encomenderos?

: the holder of an encomienda.

Who used the mita system?

the Inca Empire
The mita system was a system established by the Inca Empire in order to construct buildings or create roads throughout the empire. It was later transformed into a coercive labor system when the Spanish conquered the Inca Empire.

What are the key characteristics of the Repartimiento system?

characteristics of the repartimiento system: Natives remained legally free. Natives were required to perform a fixed amount of labor. Natives were paid wages.

What did Indians pay in tribute to the Spanish crown?

In the New World, the Crown granted conquistadores as encomendero, which is the right to extract labor and tribute from natives who were under Spanish rule. Tributes were required to be paid in gold.

What are haciendas used for?

A hacienda is most easily defined as an estate, mostly seen in the colonies of the Spanish Empire. A lot of haciendas were used as mines, factories, or plantations, and some combined all of these activities. Haciendas were actually small business enterprises that were built for the sole goal of making money.

What was the Repartimiento quizlet?

Repartimiento. The Repartimiento de Labor was a colonial forced labor system imposed upon the indigenous population of Spanish America and the Philippines: like the encomienda. Conquistadors. adventurers such as Cortés and Pizarro who conquered Central and South America in the sixteenth century.

What did the repartimiento stand for in Spanish?

Jump to navigation Jump to search. The Repartimiento (Spanish pronunciation: [repaɾtiˈmjento]) (Spanish, “distribution, partition, or division”) was a colonial forced labor system imposed upon the indigenous population of Spanish America and the Philippines.

What was the result of the repartimiento system?

Repartimiento. The diminution of the number of natives in the Americas due to European diseases ( smallpox, influenza, measles and typhus) to which the native populations had no resistance, as well as to desertion from the work fields, led to the substitution of the encomienda system and the creation of privately owned farms and haciendas.

Why did the Spanish colonists need a repartimiento?

To qualify to have a repartimiento assigned to work on the land, the Spanish colonists had to justify that the additional labor was necessary to provide food or goods that were essential to survival on the colonies.

Who was in charge of the repartimiento in the Philippines?

Repartimiento. In practice, a conquistador, or later a Spanish settler or official, would be given and supervised a number of indigenous workers, who would labor in farms or mines, or in the case of the Philippines might also be assigned to the ship yards constructing the Manila galleons. The one in charge of doing the reparto (“distribution”)…

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