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What is the movement of food through the GI tract called?

What is the movement of food through the GI tract called?

Food moves through your GI tract by a process called peristalsis. The large, hollow organs of your GI tract contain a layer of muscle that enables their walls to move. The movement pushes food and liquid through your GI tract and mixes the contents within each organ.

What is the muscular contraction that propels food down the GI tract called?

peristalsis
The large, hollow organs of the GI tract contain a layer of muscle that enables their walls to move. The movement of organ walls—called peristalsis—propels food and liquid through the GI tract and mixes the contents within each organ.

What word describes the successive wavelike muscle contractions that move food along the GI track?

Peristalsis
Peristalsis, involuntary movements of the longitudinal and circular muscles, primarily in the digestive tract but occasionally in other hollow tubes of the body, that occur in progressive wavelike contractions. Peristaltic waves occur in the esophagus, stomach, and intestines.

What is the name of the smooth muscle contraction that moves food from one organ to the next?

Peristalsis Is the Contraction of Muscle Tissue That Helps Move and Break Down Foodstuffs. The walls of the alimentary canal include layers of smooth muscle controlled by the autonomic nervous system. Alternating contraction and relaxation of these muscles is called peristalsis.

What organ contains Chyme?

stomach
Chyme, a thick semifluid mass of partially digested food and digestive secretions that is formed in the stomach and intestine during digestion. In the stomach, digestive juices are formed by the gastric glands; these secretions include the enzyme pepsin, which breaks down proteins, and hydrochloric acid.

What is peristalsis one word?

Peristalsis is a series of wave-like muscle contractions that move food through the digestive tract. It starts in the esophagus where strong wave-like motions of the smooth muscle move balls of swallowed food to the stomach. The motion mixes and shifts the chyme back and forth.

How does peristalsis protect against intestinal infection?

Forward propulsive motility (peristalsis) is a key element in suppressing the flora of the upper bowel. Finally, the microflora itself, by producing its own antibacterial substances (e.g., bacteriocins and fatty acids), stabilizes the normal populations and prevents implantation of pathogens.

How does food move through the intestinal tract?

Involuntary muscle contractions move food through the intestinal tract. The successive waves of involuntary muscular contractions passing along the walls of the GI tract that push the contents along is called:

What do you call muscular contractions in the GI tract?

Muscular contractions occurring throughout the GI tract that move food along are collectively called peristalsis A term that refers to the stomach is ____________ . gastric In the stomach, food becomes a very acidic, watery mixture containing enzymes that leaves the stomach a teaspoon at a time into the small intestine and is called _____

What is moistened mass of food swallowed from the oral cavity called?

A moistened mass of food swallowed from the oral cavity into the pharynx is called a(n) ____________ . bolus Muscular contractions occurring throughout the GI tract that move food along are collectively called

What is the movement of nutrients called in Hn?

The free movement of a nutrient from an area of higher concentration (in the lumen) to an area of lower concentration (in the absorptive cell) is called ______ passive diffusion The movement of a nutrient down a concentration gradient into the absorptive cells with the help of a protein carrier is ______.

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