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What is the purpose of Chandra X-ray Observatory?
Overview: Chandra X-ray Observatory Chandra allows scientists from around the world to obtain X-ray images of exotic environments to help understand the structure and evolution of the universe.
What did the Chandra X-ray Observatory discover?
After more than a decade in service, the observatory has helped scientists glimpse the universe in action. It has watched galaxies collide, observed a black hole with cosmic hurricane winds, and glimpsed a supernova turning itself inside out after an explosion.
What is the Chandra using to focus the X-rays?
It focuses X-rays by using four pairs of nested iridium mirrors, with an aperture of 1.2 metres (4 feet) and a focal length of 10 metres (33 feet), and is capable of unprecedented spatial resolution. …
What is an X-ray Telescope used to observe?
X-ray telescope, instrument designed to detect and resolve X-rays from sources outside Earth’s atmosphere. Because of atmospheric absorption, X-ray telescopes must be carried to high altitudes by rockets or balloons or placed in orbit outside the atmosphere.
What is the Chandra mission?
Chandra is designed to observe X-rays from high-energy regions of the universe, such as the remnants of exploded stars. The mission provides insight into the basic structure of the Universe and distribution of radiation that could play a role in the habitability of planets.
What form of radiation does the Spitzer telescope collect data on?
The infrared energy collected by the observatory will be studied and recorded by three main science instruments: an infrared array camera, an infrared spectrograph and a multiband imaging photometer. The infrared array camera enables imaging at near- and mid-infrared wavelengths.
How does the Chandra X-ray Observatory work?
In effect, Chandra is to X-ray astronomy what the Hubble Space Telescope is to optical astronomy. It focuses X-rays by using four pairs of nested iridium mirrors, with an aperture of 1.2 metres (4 feet) and a focal length of 10 metres (33 feet), and is capable of unprecedented spatial resolution.
Who built the Chandra Telescope?
Built by Northrop Grumman for NASA ‘s Marshall Space Flight Center , Chandra’s first light image gave astronomers their first glimpse of the point source at the center of the supernova remnant Cassiopeia A . Since then, Chandra has significantly expanded…
What are the names of all the space telescopes?
A list of space telescopes. AGILE (Astro-rivelatore Gamma a Immagini LEggero): Fermi : HETE 2 (High Energy Transient Explorer): ΙNTEGRAL (INTErnational Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory): SWIFT: XMM-Newton (X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission – Newton): CHIPSat (Cosmic Hot Interstellar Plasma Spectrometer satellite):
How does the X ray telescope work?
An optical telescope uses a large, curved-glass primary mirror to gather light, but X-rays would penetrate such a mirror’s reflective coating; an X-ray telescope’s mirrors must be facing almost perpendicular to the path of incoming light so that the photons graze the surface like stones skipping across a pond.