Table of Contents
- 1 What made up the Roman Senate?
- 2 What group elected the 2 consuls?
- 3 What power did the Senate have over the consuls?
- 4 How were Roman consuls elected?
- 5 Did Caesar increase the size of the Senate?
- 6 Who are the members of the Roman Senate?
- 7 Who are the members of the US Senate?
- 8 How is the number of senators determined in the Constitution?
What made up the Roman Senate?
The highest positions in the government were held by two consuls, or leaders, who ruled the Roman Republic. A senate composed of patricians elected these consuls. At this time, lower-class citizens, or plebeians, had virtually no say in the government.
What group elected the 2 consuls?
The two men were elected by the Comitia centuriata, an assembly of the people in which the richest Romans were in the majority. The consuls served for only one year (to prevent corruption) and could only rule when they agreed, because each consul could veto the other one’s decision.
What were the responsibilities of the two consuls elected by the Senate?
Each consul served as president of the Senate for a month. They could also summon any of the three Roman assemblies (Curiate, Centuriate, and Tribal) and presided over them. Thus, the consuls conducted the elections and put legislative measures to the vote.
What power did the Senate have over the consuls?
With the abolition of the monarchy in Rome in 509 bc, the Senate became the advisory council of the consuls (the two highest magistrates), meeting only at their pleasure and owing its appointment to them; it thus remained a power secondary to the magistrates.
How were Roman consuls elected?
Absolute authority was expressed in the consul’s imperium (q.v.), but its arbitrary exercise was limited: the consuls, nominated by the Senate and elected by the people in the Comitia Centuriata (a popular assembly), held office for only a year, and each consul had power of veto over the other’s decisions. …
Why was the senate able to sway the decisions consuls made?
There were two consuls, and each could veto the other to ensure neither had too much power. The Senate handled Rome’s finances and acted as an advisory body to the consuls. Although they were only providing advice, the Senate’s collective influence as a group of noblemen often dictated consuls’ decisions.
Did Caesar increase the size of the Senate?
Caesar increased the number of senators from around 600 to 900. This increase in the number of senators soon reversed itself and, during the first century, the Senate consisted of 600 men. Most were either sons of senators, or were elected quaestors (junior magistrates).
Who are the members of the Roman Senate?
The senate passed all laws and collected all taxes. All members of the Senate were of the Patrician or wealthy landowner class. At the head of the senate were two consuls. The Consuls controlled the legions of Rome. A senator was selected by the Consuls and remained a senator for life.
How did the Senate work in ancient Rome?
Government under the Roman Republic. At the head of the senate were two consuls. The Consuls controlled the legions of Rome. A senator was selected by the Consuls and remained a senator for life. The Consuls also selected the new members of the Senate if a senator died. To become a consul, you had to be elected by a majority…
Who are the members of the US Senate?
The senate passed all laws and collected all taxes. All members of the Senate were of the Patrician or wealthy landowner class. At the head of the senate were two consuls.
How is the number of senators determined in the Constitution?
In its final form, the clause in the Constitution is deceptively simple. “The Senate shall be composed of two senators from each state” appears to be a single provision, the designated number of senators per state. Delegates agreed to this number, however, only after they had considered a larger matter: legislative representation.