Table of Contents
What was the Union fighting for?
The Union war effort expanded to include not only reunification, but also the abolition of slavery. To achieve emancipation, the Union had to invade the South, defeat the Confederate armies, and occupy the Southern territory. The Civil War began as a purely military effort with limited political objectives.
What was the Confederacy in 1860?
The Confederate States of America
The Confederate States of America was a collection of 11 states that seceded from the United States in 1860 following the election of President Abraham Lincoln. Led by Jefferson Davis and existing from 1861 to 1865, the Confederacy struggled for legitimacy and was never recognized as a sovereign nation.
Who was the leader of the Union in 1860?
United States presidential election of 1860, American presidential election held on November 6, 1860, in which Republican Abraham Lincoln defeated Southern Democrat John C. Breckinridge, Democrat Stephen A. Douglas, and Constitutional Union candidate John Bell.
What was the date of the Union Party platform of 1860?
APP Note: The American Presidency Project used the first day of the national nominating convention as the “date” of this platform since the original document is undated. The spelling of “tranquillity” near the end of the second paragraph reproduces the spelling used in Greeley and Cleveland, A Political Textbook for 1860
What was the population of the United States in 1860?
In 1860 the population of the United States was around 31.5 million. Approximately half of that number met the age requirement to vote but women and, in most states, minorities were excluded. Around 6.9 million, or just fewer than 45% of the age eligible population, had the option to represent the nation at the polls.
What was the size of the Union during the Civil War?
“Union” is used in the U.S. Constitution to refer to the founding formation of the people, and to the states in union. In the context of the Civil War, it has also often been used as a synonym for “the northern states loyal to the United States government;” in this meaning, the Union consisted of 20 free states and five border states.
Where does the term’union’come from in the Constitution?
The term “Union” occurs in the first governing document of the United States, the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union. The subsequent Constitution of 1787 was issued and ratified in the name not of the states, but of “We the People of the United States, in order to form a more perfect Union …”