Table of Contents
Who has power to create inferior courts?
Article III, Section 1: The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish.
How does jurisdiction affect court cases?
What determines which court has the power to hear a case? Jurisdiction is the power of a court to hear and decide cases. In criminal law, it includes the power to impose punishment. Absent jurisdiction, convictions and court-ordered sentences are void.
What are the three types of inferior courts?
The trial level federal courts (United States District Courts) and intermediate appellate level federal courts (the Circuit Courts) are “inferior” to the Supreme Court of the United States. The District Courts and Circuit Courts are “inferior” courts.
What is an example of inferior court?
Inferior courts refer to courts that are below the highest court in any jurisdiction. For example, the highest federal court is the Supreme Court of the United States. The District Courts and Circuit Courts are “inferior” courts.
How must inferior courts interpret the law?
Generally, Congress determines the jurisdiction of the federal courts. The inferior courts are constrained by the decisions of the Supreme Court — once the Supreme Court interprets a law, inferior courts must apply the Supreme Court’s interpretation to the facts of a particular case.
What are examples of inferior courts?
These special courts include the US Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces, the Courts of the District of Columbia, the US Court of Appeals for Veterans’ Claims, the US Court of Federal Claims, the US Tax Court, and the Territorial Courts.
What was the jurisdiction of the inferior federal courts?
Unanimously, the Court rejected this contention and held that because the Constitution did not create inferior federal courts but rather authorized Congress to create them, Congress was also empowered to define their jurisdiction and to withhold jurisdiction of any of the enumerated cases and controversies in Article III.
When does the Supreme Court have original jurisdiction?
In all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, and those in which a State shall be Party, the supreme Court shall have original Jurisdiction.
Can a federal court expand the jurisdiction of a circuit court?
Besides, Congress is not bound, and it would, perhaps, be inexpedient, to enlarge the jurisdiction of the federal courts, to every subject, in every form, which the constitution might warrant.”1239Applying § 11, the Court held that the circuit court had lacked jurisdiction.
Who is responsible for interpreting the law of the United States?
The power to interpret the law of the United States will be held by the U.S. Supreme Court, and the lower federal courts. Inferior courts will be created by Congress from “time to time.” The Constitution itself created only the Supreme Court, but allowed Congress to create other, inferior (lower) courts over time.