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Are phenols the same as phenolic compounds?

Are phenols the same as phenolic compounds?

9.2. Phenolic compounds are a group of small molecules characterized by their structures having at least one phenol unit. Based on their chemical structures, phenolic compounds can be divided into different subgroups, such as phenolic acids, flavonoids, tannins, coumarins, lignans, quinones, stilbens, and curcuminoids.

Is alkaloid a phenolic compound?

Phenolics, together with alkaloids, represent some of the main groups of plant secondary metabolites with health benefits [1, 3, 28], rendering them of putative practical interest in pharmacology and related fields. In the study, more total phenols than alkaloids in C. edulis and Z. chalybeum were detected.

What is an example of a phenolic compound?

Many phenolic compounds were discovered and used long before chemists were able to determine their structures. Therefore, trivial names (i.e., vanillin, salicylic acid, pyrocatechol, resorcinol, cresol, hydroquinone, and eugenol) are often used for the most common phenolic compounds.

Where are phenols found?

Phenol is found to be present naturally in coal tar and creosote. It is also produced during natural fires, and through benzene degradation in the atmosphere under the influence of ultraviolet light radiation [14].

How many types of phenols are there?

Classification of Phenol Depending on the number of hydroxyl groups attached, we can classify phenols into three main types: Monohydric phenols: These phenols contain one -OH group. Dihydric phenols: They contain two -OH groups. They could be either ortho-, meta- or para- derivative.

What can phenolic compounds be used for?

Phenolic compounds such as caffeic acid, chlorogenic, p -coumaric and ferulic are present in parts of plants that are used as spices. The antimicrobial activity of these and other acids as hydroxycinnamic and cinnamic may retard microbial invasion as well as fruit and vegetable putrefaction.

How many phenolic compounds are there?

The phenolic compounds which occur commonly in food material may be classified into three groups, namely, simple phenols and phenolic acids, hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives and flavonoids. The Simple Phenols and Phenolic Acids.

What is phenolic used for?

Phenolic resins are good for high-temperature applications where parts must meet fire safety standards. Phenolic resins are used in a wide range of applications, including electronics, ballistics, mine ventilation, offshore water pipe systems, aerospace, rail and mass transit.

Are Bananas high in phenols?

High phenol foods include tomatoes, apples, peanuts, bananas, oranges, cocoa, red grapes, colored fruits (e.g., cranberries), and milk. These compounds may also be a contaminant in packaged foods, as these compounds are used in can liners and foil wraps.

How do you identify phenols?

Dissolve the given organic compounds in water. Add neutral solution of ferric chloride slowly dropwise. Observe the change in colour. A red, blue, green or purple colouration indicates the presence of phenol.

What are phenols How are they classified?

Phenols are a class of chemical compounds containing a hydroxyl group. They are directly bonded with aromatic hydrocarbon group. Phenol is the simplest class and it is normally called Carbolic Acid. Phenols cannot be classified as alcohols as they are unique and have different kind of bonding.

How do you classify phenol?

Classification of Phenol Depending on the number of hydroxyl groups attached, phenols can be classified into three types. Monohydric phenols: They contain one -OH group. Dihydric phenols: They contain two -OH groups. They may be ortho-, meta- or para- derivative.

What is difference between phenol and phenolic?

As nouns the difference between phenol and phenolic. is that phenol is (organic compound|uncountable) a caustic, poisonous, white crystalline compound, c 6 h 5 oh, derived from benzene and used in resins, plastics, and pharmaceuticals and in dilute form as a disinfectant and antiseptic; once called carbolic acid while phenolic is (organic chemistry) a phenol compound.

What are the differences between phenol and alcohol?

Difference Between Alcohol and Phenol Definition. Alcohol: Alcohol is an organic compound whose molecule contains one or more hydroxyl groups attached to a carbon atom. Nature. Alcohol: Alcohols are generally aliphatic hydrocarbons. Acidity. Alcohol: Aliphatic alcohols are less acidic than phenol. Applications. Denotation. Type. Summary.

What is the difference between phenols and aromatic alcohols?

Phenol is an aromatic hydrocarbon and a derivative of benzene. It is also a type of alcohol. Therefore, the key difference between alcohols and phenols is that the alcohols are organic compounds containing -OH group as an essential component whereas the phenols are a group of alcohols which contains -OH group and a benzene ring as essential components.

What are some examples of a phenol?

Protocatechuic acid (PCA)

  • p-hydroxybenzoic acid (PHBA)
  • Vanillic acid
  • Caffeic acid
  • p-Coumaric acid
  • Ferulic acid
  • Syringic acid
  • Sinapinic acid
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