What did the West do during the Industrial Revolution?

What did the West do during the Industrial Revolution?

As Western businesses marketed their products throughout the world and as Western investors took control of the world’s railroads, oil wells, mines, and factories, Europe and the United States established unprecedented dominion over the world’s wealth and resources.

How did the government respond to the Industrial Revolution?

As a result, the government passed The Factory Act of 1833. It regulated excessive child labor and set limits on how many hours per day children could work. This was the first British government regulation of the industrial workplace. By the 1880s the government made education mandatory for all children ages 5 to 10.

What impact did the Industrial Revolution have on Western economics?

The Industrial Revolution transformed economies that had been based on agriculture and handicrafts into economies based on large-scale industry, mechanized manufacturing, and the factory system. New machines, new power sources, and new ways of organizing work made existing industries more productive and efficient.

What is Western modernization?

It was a new mode of production from hand production methods to machinery production. Machine tools were developed in this process; it began in England and within a few decades had spread to Western Europe and the United States.

How did industrialization enable Western powers?

How did industrialization enable Western powers to dominate world affairs? Because of the technologies and economic advantage from industrialization, Western powers were able to easily compete with less industrialized countries on a global scale.

What was the idea of modernization in the west?

The idea of progress, and with it that of modernism, was born. The world was growing in power and enlightenment and, so far as anyone could see, would continue indefinitely to do so. Western society was not merely plunging ahead on its own; it was paving the way for the rest of the world.

Why was China under pressure from the west?

In the 19 th century, after a long period of isolationism, China and then Japan came under pressure from the West to open to foreign trade and relations. The Industrial Revolution in Europe and the United States had created a wide gap between them and the West, leaving the two Asian nations behind technologically and military.

Where did the shift to modernity take place?

The shift toward modernity took place between the 16th and 18th centuries, and it originated in the countries of northwestern Europe—especially England, the Netherlands, northern France, and northern Germany. This change could not have been expected.

When did the modernization of China begin and end?

China’s push toward modernization began when the Qing dynasty, then current rulers of a 2000-year-old empire, started to crumble. The first major blow to the Qing reign came in the mid-19th century, a time when imperialist Western forces were looking to increase trade and influence with countries in the East.

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