Table of Contents
What do elephants have that other animals don t?
Elephants are the largest land animals on Earth, and they’re one of the most unique-looking animals, too. With their characteristic long noses, or trunks; large, floppy ears; and wide, thick legs, there is no other animal with a similar physique.
What does an elephant eat?
Diet. Elephants eat roots, grasses, fruit, and bark. An adult elephant can consume up to 300 pounds of food in a single day. These hungry animals do not sleep much, roaming great distances while foraging for the large quantities of food that they require to sustain their massive bodies.
Association with humans 1 Working animal. Elephants have been working animals since at least the Indus Valley Civilization and continue to be used in modern times. 2 Zoos and circuses. Elephants were historically kept for display in the menageries of Ancient Egypt, China, Greece, and Rome. 3 Cultural depictions.
What makes an African elephant different from an Asian elephant?
African elephants have larger ears and concave backs, whereas Asian elephants have smaller ears, and convex or level backs. Distinctive features of all elephants include a long trunk, tusks, large ear flaps, massive legs, and tough but sensitive skin.
Who are the descendants of the Elephas planifrons?
Elephas celebensis of Sulawesi is believed to have descended from Elephas planifrons. Elephas falconeri of Malta and Sicily was only 100 cm (3 ft 3 in) and had probably evolved from the straight-tusked elephant. Other descendants of the straight-tusked elephant existed in Cyprus.
How many species of elephants are there in the world?
Three species of elephants are recognised; the African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana) and forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis) of sub-Saharan Africa, and the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) of South and Southeast Asia.