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What fur traders were known in English as wood runners?
Coureurs des bois were itinerant, unlicenced fur traders from New France. They were known as “wood-runners” to the English on Hudson Bay and “bush-lopers” to the Anglo-Dutch of New York.
What is coureurs de bois quizlet?
Coureurs de bois. (runners of the woods) French fur traders, many of mixed Amerindian heritage, who lived among and often married with Amerindian peoples of North America.
What is coureurs de bois Apush?
coureurs de bois. Translated as “runners of the woods,” they were French fur-trappers, also known as “voyageurs” (travelers), who established trading posts throughout North America. The fur trade wreaked havoc on the health and folkways of their Native American trading partners.
What did Europeans trade with Aboriginals?
Europeans traded with Indigenous people for beaver pelts. The demand for felt hats in Europe drove this business. The fur trade was one of the main reasons that Europeans explored and colonized Canada. It built relationships between Europeans and Indigenous peoples.
What does the word Voyageurs mean?
: a man employed by a fur company to transport goods to and from remote stations especially in the Canadian Northwest.
How did the Metis contribute to the fur trade?
The Métis helped strengthen connections between the men of the fur trade and the Aboriginal groups with whom they came into contact. Les Métis étaient interprètes, gestionnaires, diplomates, commerçants, guides et chasseurs.
Why was the coureurs des Bois considered outlaws?
Unlike voyageurs, who were licensed to transport goods to trading posts, coureurs des bois were considered outlaws of sorts because they did not have permits from colonial authorities. The independent coureurs des bois played an important role in the European exploration of the continent.
How did coureur des Bois get to the beaver lands?
The course west to the richest beaver lands usually went by way of the Ottawa and Mattawa rivers; it required numerous overland portages. Alternatively, some canoes proceeded by way of the upper St. Lawrence River and the lakes, passing by Detroit on the way to Michilimackinac or Green Bay.