Table of Contents
What is fluorine chemical used for?
Atomic fluorine and molecular fluorine are used for plasma etching in semiconductor manufacturing, flat panel display production and MEMs fabrication. Fluorine is indirectly used in the production of low friction plastics such as teflon and in halons such as freon, in the production of uranium.
What are chemical properties of fluorine?
Fluorine is a pale yellow, diatomic, highly corrosive, flammable gas, with a pungent odor. It is the lightest halogen. It reacts violently with water to produce oxygen and the extremely corrosive hydrofluoric acid.
What is fluorine in chemistry?
Fluorine: a small yet very adaptable element The most reactive, electronegative and oxidizing element, fluorine (F) is the first halogen in the periodic table. Fluorine is naturally present in the Earth’s crust where it is chiefly found in mineral form.
What is the chemical name for fluorine?
Fluorine (F), most reactive chemical element and the lightest member of the halogen elements, or Group 17 (Group VIIa) of the periodic table.
What are 3 uses of fluorine?
Fluorine is important in creating nuclear material for nuclear power plants and insulating electrical towers. It also is used to etch glass in the form of hydrogen fluoride. Fluorine is used to make plastics, such as Teflon, and is also important in dental health.
What are the properties and uses of fluorine?
Fluorine is critical for the production of nuclear material for nuclear power plants and for the insulation of electric towers. Hydrogen fluoride, a compound of fluorine, is used to etch glass. Fluorine, like Teflon, is used to make plastics and is also important in dental health.
How is fluorine used today?
Fluorine is used in many fluorochemicals, including solvents and high-temperature plastics, such as Teflon (poly(tetrafluoroethene), PTFE). Teflon is well known for its non-stick properties and is used in frying pans. Several fluoride compounds are added to toothpaste, also to help prevent tooth decay.
What are some common chemical reactions of fluorine?
Fluorine is a pale yellow gas with a pungent odor. It is commonly shipped as a cryogenic liquid. It is toxic by inhalation and skin absorption. Contact with skin in lower than lethal concentrations causes chemical burns. It reacts with water to form hydrofluoric acid and oxygen.
Is fluorine a compound or an element?
To summarize: fluorine is an element; fluoride is an ion or a compound which contains the fluoride ion.
What are two properties of fluorine?
Fluorine has two solid forms, α- and β-fluorine. The latter crystallizes at −220 °C (−364 °F) and is transparent and soft, with the same disordered cubic structure of freshly crystallized solid oxygen, unlike the orthorhombic systems of other solid halogens.
What is the chemical Propertie of fluorine?
Fluorine is an univalent poisonous gaseous halogen, it is pale yellow-green and it is the most chemically reactive and electronegative of all the elements.