Table of Contents
- 1 What is the product of fuel and oxygen?
- 2 What is the reaction between fuel and oxygen?
- 3 What is a chemical reaction that begins with petroleum?
- 4 What is a product of combustion?
- 5 What is the chemical name for kerosene?
- 6 Is Vaseline a chemical?
- 7 What makes up the elemental composition of petroleum?
- 8 What are the names of the oxygenates in gasoline?
What is the product of fuel and oxygen?
Since hydrocarbon fuels only contain two elements, we always obtain the same two products when they burn. In the equation below methane (CH 4) is being burned. The oxygen will combine with the carbon and the hydrogen in the methane molecule to produce carbon dioxide (CO 2) and water (H 2O).
What is the reaction between fuel and oxygen?
Combustion is a high-temperature exothermic (heat releasing) redox (oxygen adding) chemical reaction between a fuel and an oxidant, usually atmospheric oxygen, that produces oxidized, often gaseous products, in a mixture termed as smoke.
What is the chemical formula for petrol?
For example, 2,2,4-trimethylpentane (iso-octane), widely used in petrol, has a chemical formula of C8H18 and reacts with oxygen exothermically to form carbon dioxide and water.
What is a chemical reaction that begins with petroleum?
Hydrocarbon combustion refers to the chemical reaction where a hydrocarbon reacts with oxygen to create carbon dioxide, water, and heat. Hydrocarbons are molecules consisting of both hydrogen and carbon. They are most famous for being the primary constituent of fossil fuels, namely natural gas, petroleum, and coal.
What is a product of combustion?
Combustion (burning) by-products are gases and small particles. Examples of combustion by-products include: particulate matter, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide, water vapor and hydrocarbons.
What is fuel oxygen?
Oxy-fuel combustion is the process of burning a fuel using pure oxygen, or a mixture of oxygen and recirculated flue gas, instead of air. Since the nitrogen component of air is not heated, fuel consumption is reduced, and higher flame temperatures are possible.
What is the chemical name for kerosene?
Kerosene, also spelled kerosine, also called paraffin or paraffin oil, flammable hydrocarbon liquid commonly used as a fuel. Kerosene is typically pale yellow or colourless and has a not-unpleasant characteristic odour.
Is Vaseline a chemical?
Here is a look at what petroleum jelly is and its chemical composition. Answer: Petroleum jelly is made by the waxy petroleum material that formed on oil rigs and distilling it. At room temperature, petroleum jelly is an odorless semi-solid which consists of a mixture of hydrocarbons.
What kind of fuels are used to make petroleum products?
Petroleum products are fuels made from crude oil and hydrocarbons contained in natural gas. Petroleum products can also be made from coal, natural gas, and biomass.
What makes up the elemental composition of petroleum?
Elemental Composition of Petroleum. Although there is considerable variation between the ratios of organic molecules, the elemental composition of petroleum is well-defined: Carbon – 83 to 87%. Hydrogen – 10 to 14%.
What are the names of the oxygenates in gasoline?
Oxygenates are hydrocarbons that contain one or more oxygen atoms. The primary oxygenates are alcohols and ethers, including: fuel ethanol, methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), ethyl tertiary butyl ether (ETBE), and tertiary amyl methyl ether (TAME).
What can be made out of crude oil?
After crude oil is removed from the ground, it is sent to a refinery where different parts of the crude oil are separated into useable petroleum products. These petroleum products include gasoline, distillates such as diesel fuel and heating oil, jet fuel, petrochemical feedstocks, waxes, lubricating oils, and asphalt.