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Who were Sir Ferdinando Gorges and Captain John Mason?
The two men who were chiefly concerned in the founding of these colonies were Sir Ferdinando Gorges and Captain John Mason. They were both eager colonists, and they both got several charters and patents from the King, and from the New England Company.
Who is Gorges?
—died 1647, Long Ashton, Gloucestershire), British proprietary founder of Maine, who promoted, though unsuccessfully, the colonization of New England along aristocratic lines. Gorges was the recipient of several land grants during his lifetime, most importantly the charter for Maine in 1639.
What two modern day states did John Mason and Sir Ferdinando Gorges found?
John Mason and Sir Ferdinando Gorges received a patent from the Council for New England for all the territory lying between the Merrimack and Kennebec rivers which they divided with Mason receiving the southern portion which included most of the southeastern part of the current state of New Hampshire.
Who was Captain John Mason?
Captain John Mason (1586–1635) was a sailor and colonist who was instrumental to the establishment of various settlements in colonial America. Born in 1586 at King’s Lynn, Norfolk, and educated at Peterhouse, Cambridge. In 1610, he was appointed by James I to help reclaim the Hebrides.
What did Ferdinando Gorges?
Sir Ferdinando Gorges ( c. 1565-1568 – 24 May 1647) was a naval and military commander and governor of the important port of Plymouth in England. He was involved in Essex’s Rebellion against the Queen, but escaped punishment by testifying against the main conspirators.
Who founded New York?
The Dutch first settled along the Hudson River in 1624; two years later they established the colony of New Amsterdam on Manhattan Island. In 1664, the English took control of the area and renamed it New York.
Who founded Virginia?
The first permanent English settlement, backed by the London Company, was founded in 1607 by John Smith and other colonists, including John Rolfe who later became the husband of Pocahontas. The main reason for establishing a colony so far from the English homeland was purely economic.
Who was Sir Ferdinando Gorges and what did he do?
Gorges, Sir Ferdinando. He was knighted (1591) for his services to Henry IV of France in the French Wars of Religion and was subsequently (1596–1601, 1603–29) military governor of Plymouth, England. Gorges was a leading figure in the Plymouth Company, chartered in 1606, and one of the two chief backers of the Sagadahoc colony,…
When did Ferdinando Gorges of Plymouth Fort die?
He died in 1647, and his claims passed to his heirs, who eventually lost out to land-hungry Massachusetts. The only recent biography of Gorges is Richard A. Preston, Gorges of Plymouth Fort (1953).
How did Robert Gorges contribute to New England?
While he never established a permanent settlement or profited financially from his endeavors, he founded Maine and kept the idea of colonization in New England alive. Gorges was born into a prosperous landowning family in Dorset. Although he was an infant when his father died, Gorges received a good education and entered into a military career.