Table of Contents
Why are some countries very rich and others very poor?
Differences in the economic growth rate of nations often come down to differences in inputs (factors of production) and differences in TFP—the productivity of labor and capital resources. Higher productivity promotes faster economic growth, and faster growth allows a nation to escape poverty.
Why rich countries get rich and poor countries stay poor?
In it Erik S. Reinert shows how rich countries developed through a combination of government intervention, protectionism, and strategic investment. When our leaders come to lecture poor countries on the right road to riches they do so in almost perfect ignorance of the real history of mass affluence.
Why are some countries today much poorer than other countries?
Today some countries are poorer because they started the Industrial Revolution later, if at all, than rich countries. Poor countries grow faster because they can simply adopt existing technologies whereas rich countries must invent new technology to get even richer.
Are there poor people in very wealthy countries?
In reality, there can be large differences in the incomes of people within a country. So, even in a country with relatively low GDP, some people will be better off than others. And, there are poor people in very wealthy countries.
Is it easy to measure how rich a country is?
Measuring how rich a country is not that easy (spoiler: it is not just about the GDP). Measuring how rich you are depends to a large degree on how rich and poor countries are defined.
Which is the richest country in the world?
If we simply consider a nation’s gross domestic product—the sum of all goods and services produced by a country during one year—then we would have to conclude that the richest nations are exactly the ones with the largest GDP: United States, China, Japan, Germany.
Which is better to be rich or poor?
In conclusion, when considering whether it is better to be rich in a poor country or poor in a rich one, the best chance of enjoying an excellent living standard is to reside in a richer nation no matter where a person falls on the income distribution scale.