Why KMnO4 is a secondary standard?

Why KMnO4 is a secondary standard?

KMnO4 is not used as primary standard because it is difficult to obtain the pure state of KMnO4 as it is not free from MnO2. Also, the colour is so intense that it acts as its own indicator.

Why does potassium permanganate need to be standardized right before a titration?

Some chemical reactions are very sensitive to the exact amount of reagents used otherwise the reaction will not work properly. Once the exact concentration has been determined, the solution is said to be standardized and you can then add exact amounts of the KMnO4 to a chemical reaction.

Why can’t potassium permanganate be used as a primary standard?

Potassium permanganate is one of the oxidising agents in chemistry. Potassium permanganate is not used as primary standard because is not able to release in \[{\text{Mn}}{{\text{O}}_{\text{2}}}\] in the reaction. Potassium permanganate is always in the stable form.

What is the best standard to be used in the standardization of potassium permanganate?

As potassium permanganate is not a primary standard it can be standardized by using sodium oxalate or oxalic acid. The former is preferred over oxalic acid as available in a higher standard of purity (99.95%).

Is HCl a secondary standard?

Hydrochloric acid (HCl) solutions as a secondary standard A HCl solution is used as it can be prepared accurately and is quite stable. Because of this stability it is called a secondary standard. Even more accurate and stable standards are called primary standards.

Is h2so4 a secondary standard?

Secondary Standard Solutions As noted above, substances like hydrochloric acid and sulfuric acid are not suitable for use as primary standards because the concentration of the commercially available concentrated acids is not known accurately.

What is the end point of potassium permanganate standardization?

Permanganate (MnO4-) ion has a dark purple color. In an acidic medium, MnO4 is reduced to colorless manganous (Mn2+) ions. On reaching the end point, the addition of the last single drop of permanganate imparts a light purple color to the solution.

What is the equivalent weight of potassium permanganate in basic medium?

In basic medium the number of electrons involved are 3. Equivalent mass of KMnO4 in acidic and alkaline medium is 31.6 and 52.7 respectively.

Why Potassium permanganate is a self indicator?

Potassium Permanganate is a flexible and potent oxidant which can be used by overt or indirect titration to classify many compounds. A special value of Potassium Permanganate is that it acts as an indicator of its own. Permanganate titration must be carried out in a heavy acid solution.

What is primary and secondary standard?

A primary standard is a substance of known high purity (99.9% pure) which may be dissolved in a known volume of solvent to give a primary standard solution. A secondary standard is a substance whose active agent contents have been found by comparison against a primary standard.

Can NaOH be a secondary standard?

Note: NaOH is secondary standard because NaOH contains impurities of NaCl, Na2SO4 etc. It absorbs water from the atmosphere and determines the concentration of NaOH in a solution, which is titrated against a primary standard weak acid.

Why is potassium permanganate not a primary standard?

Potassium permanganate is not a primary standard, and preparation of the solution will always cause formation of solid manganese dioxide (MnO2). Potassium permanganate solutions are unstable, and must also be filtered after long periods of storage, because manganese dioxide (MnO2) will precipitate out during storage.

Why is potassium permanganate stored in dark bottles?

Potassium permanganate (KMnO4) stored in dark bottles because to not exposed to light, If it exposed to light it will start decomposing. Small amount of light can provide enough energy for the permanganate to oxidise water. Beside above, why can’t potassium permanganate be used as a primary standard?

What kind of compound is KMnO4 potassium permanganate?

KMnO4 is an inorganic chemical compound. It is also known as Condy’s crystals or permanganate of potash.

Why is KMnO4 used as a secondary standard?

Why kmno4 is a secondary standard? Potassium permanganate solutions due to the strong oxiding nature readily forms MnO2 on contact with impurities. Traditionally sources of KMnO4 always contained traces of MnO2 . KMnO4 solutions “go off” when they stand for a period. Q: Why kmno4 is a secondary standard? Write your answer…

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